43 species of birds are currently endangered , according to the Red List of bird species in Romania. The list was compiled by the Environment Ministry, the Romanian Ornithological Society (SOR), and the Bird and Nature Conservation Society Milvus.
The list quantifies birds’ risk of extinction according to criteria such as population size, population trends, and the surface occupied in Romania. A total of 259 bird species were analyzed, namely all species that nest regularly in the country and a selection of „winter guest” species, SOR explained.
Of the 259 analyzed species, 12 have disappeared over the past century from the population nesting in the country. 43 species (16.6%) are endangered (at risk of extinction), 27 species (10.42%) are nearly threatened species, and 180 species (69.5%) are not threatened at the moment. In the case of 3 species – the white-headed duck (Oxyura leucocephala), the common pochard (Aythya ferina), and the Eurasian coot (Fulica atra) – two separate evaluations were carried out for nesting and wintering, with different listings in these categories.
7 species are critically endangered, with 6 of them classified for the nesting period – the common goldeneye (Bucephala clangula), the smew (Mergellus albellus), the black kite (Milvus migrans), the eastern imperial eagle (Aquila heliaca), the great bustard (Otis tarda), the gull-billed tern (Gelochelidon nilotica) – and one, the lesser white-fronted goose (Anser erythropus), only for the wintering period.
„Anthropogenic threats and pressures are more intense for bird species in humid areas and open habitats such as meadows, grassland, and arable land. Most threatened species or species with negative population trends are in these habitats.
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